APA CITATION STYLE GUIDES
APA (American Psychological Association) Style Citations
- APA Style Guide -- Handout from the Cabrillo College Library
- APA List of References -- From Diana Hacker's Research & Documentation Online
Papers using APA citation must include 1) in-text citations, and 2) a reference list
When you quote, paraphrase, or reference another authors ideas you must use In-Text Citations that include the author's name and a page number when available. In-Text Citations alert your reader that you are citing or paraphrasing another authors ideas. The authors you cite in your in-text citations are also listed at the end in your reference list. Here are two ways to create in-text citations using APA style:
|Include the author’s (or editor’s) name directly in the text of the sentence.||
Critser (2003) noted that despite growing numbers of overweight Americans, many health care providers still “remain either in ignorance or outright denial about the health danger to the poor and the young” (p. 5).
Omit the author’s name in the sentence, but cite the name plus the page number in parentheses at the end of the sentence
Despite growing numbers of overweight Americans, many health care providers still “remain either in ignorance or outright denial about the health danger to the poor and the young” (Critser, 2003, p. 5).)
For longer quotes, instead of using quotation marks you will indent five spaces to indicate that you are quoting an outside source:
For detailed information about creating in-text citations for different kinds of sources, see Hacker's Resource and Documentation or your LIBR 10 Handbook.
Your Reference List includes all the works you have cited in your paper -- your sources.
More APA Resources
- APA Formatting & Style Guide -- Guide to writing research papers and bibliographies, from Purdue Univ.
- APA Frequently Asked Questions -- FAQs to help clarify frequent areas of confusion
- EasyBib -- EasyBib's Visual Guide to Citations
SAMPLE APA RESEARCH PAPER
From Penn State University Library & Learning Services (2012)
How to do a Hanging Indent in Microsoft Word:
- Highlight the entire citation
- From the Home tab, click the bottom right hand arrow in the Paragraph menu, or right click the mouse & choose Paragraph
- Select the Indents and Spacing Tab
- Under Special: change the drop down menu to Hanging
- Under Line Spacing: change the drop down menu to Double
- Click OK